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Brief History
Kuwait takes pride in participatory model of governance. Throughout its history, Kuwait’s subsequent rulers or (Sheikhs) actively engaged citizens in public affairs.  As such, consultation and public consent are key pillars of Kuwait’s political history.

The Kuwaiti people were the first GCC people to elect a legislative council in 1938. It is the people who, immediately after independence in 1961, worked for establishing the foundations of the institutional rule. This way, the tribal society was transferred to the State’s society with its integrated political regime consisting of three powers: legislative, executive and judicial. Also, State of Kuwait is the first state in the Arabian Peninsula to have its own constitution and an elected national assembly which forms a strong pillar of democracy with all its dimensions and meanings.

However, it was not until 1962, a year after Kuwait gained its independence from the United Kingdom, that the current parliament, known as the National Assembly was formed.

That year, the-then Amir of Kuwait Sheikh Abdulla al-Salim al-Sabah (1950-1965), institutionalized Kuwait’s long history of consultation and public participation through the formation of a founding assembly (al-majlis al-ta’sisi), which was tasked with codifying the Nation’s Constitution.  The draft was presented to Sheikh Abdulla al-Salim on November 11, 1962, who signed and ratified it on the same day without any amendments.  The first election for the newly formed National Assembly were held in 1963.  The 1962 Constitution remains in effect to this day.

Composition and Role
Kuwaiti citizens elect fifty (50) Members of Parliament from five (5) electoral districts to the unicameral legislature. The top ten winners from each district are allocated a parliamentary seat. MPs serve for four year-terms, unless the Amir calls for early elections. There is no limit on the amount of terms an MP may serve. Suffrage is extended to all Kuwaitis at the age of 21, except those citizens who have been naturalized for less than 30 years and active members of the armed forces.

Members of the Cabinet are ex-officio members of the National Assembly. The 1962 Constitution limits the size of the cabinet to one-third that of the elected MPs and therefore the highest possible number of ministers is 16, including the Prime Minister.

The 1962 Constitution requires that at least one member of cabinet be an elected MP. Although cabinet members are actively engaged in National Assembly affairs, the constitution prohibits them from partaking in certain procedures, most notable of which are a vote of non-cooperation with the Cabinet, or a vote of no-confidence against a particular minister.

       

Members of the National Assembly
Fourteenth Legislative Term


Marzouq AlGhanim
Speaker


Mobarak AlKhrinej
Vice Speaker


Adel Al Khorafi
Secretary


Abdullah Al Tamimi


Abdullah Almaayouf

 


Dr. Ahmad Al Azmi

 


Ahmed Alqudaibi

 


Jamal Al Omar

 


Faris Alotaibi

 


Hamad Al Harshani

 


Hamdan Al Azmi

 


Humoud Al Hamdan

 


Khalaf Al Enezi

 


Khalil Abdullah

 


Dr. Khalil Saleh

 


Mohammed Albarak

 


Rakan Al Nesef

 


Rawdan Al Rawdan

 


Saad Al Khanfour

 


Saadoun Al Otaibi

 


Sultan Al Shammari

 


Saif Al Azmi

 


Saleh  Ashour

 


Saud AlHarijy

 


Talal Al Sahli

 


Dr. Abdul Hameed Dashti


Dr. Abdul Rahman AlJiran



Ahmed Lari
Controller

 


Dr. Abdullah Al Traygi

 


Dr. Ali Al Omair

 


Askar Al Enzi

 


Adnan AbdulSamad

 


Abdullah Al Adwani

 


Dr. Awda Al Rowaey

 


Essa Al Kandari

 


Faisal Al Kandari

 


Faisal Al Dowaisan

 


Faisal Al Shaya

 


Kamil Al Awadi

 


Majed Al Mutairi

 


Madi Al Hajeri

 


Mubarak Al Harees

 


Mohammed Al Enzi

 


Mohammed Al Hadeya

 


Mohammed Al Jabri

 


Dr. Mohammed Al Huwaila


Dr. Mansoor Al Dofairi

 


Nabeel  Al Fadel

 


Yacob AlSane

 

 

 

 

 


Dr. Youssef Al Zalzala